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LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s.[1] Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.[2]

The initialism has become mainstream as a self-designation; it has been adopted by the majority of sexuality and gender identity-based community centers and media in the United States, as well as some other English-speaking countries.[3][4] The initialism LGBT is intended to emphasize a diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. It may be used to refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.[2][5][6] To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual identity; LGBTQ has been recorded since 1996.[7][8] Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing use an extended initialism LGBTI.[9][10] Some people combine the two acronyms and use the term LGBTIQ or LGBTQI. Others use LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender.[11]

referencesEdit

  1. Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, Volume 1, Part 1. Gale Research Co., 1985, Template:ISBN. Factsheet five, Issues 32–36, Mike Gunderloy, 1989
  2. 2.0 2.1 Swain, Keith W. (21 June 2007). Gay Pride Needs New Direction. Denver Post. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  3. 2008 Community Center Survey Report. Retrieved on August 29, 2008.
  4. NLGJA Stylebook on LGBT Terminology. nlgja.org (2008).
  5. Error on call to Template:cite book: Parameter title must be specifiedShankle, Michael D. (2006). The Handbook of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Public Health: A Practitioner's Guide To Service. Haworth Press.
  6. Error on call to Template:cite book: Parameter title must be specifiedAlexander, Jonathan (2004). Bisexuality and Transgenderism: InterSEXions of The Others. Haworth Press.
  7. Error on call to Template:cite book: Parameter title must be specifiedThe Santa Cruz County in-queery, Volume 9, Santa Cruz Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgendered Community Center, 1996. Books.google.com (2008-11-01). Retrieved on 2011-10-23. page 690
  8. Civilities, What does the acronym LGBTQ stand for?. Washington Post.
  9. William L. Maurice, Marjorie A. Bowman, Sexual medicine in primary care, Mosby Year Book, 1999, Template:ISBN
  10. Error on call to Template:cite book: Parameter title must be specifiedAragon, Angela Pattatuchi (2006). Challenging Lesbian Norms: Intersex, Transgender, Intersectional, and Queer Perspectives. Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  11. Archived copy. Archived from the original on 2016-07-14. Retrieved on 2016-05-25.
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